What to do in a fire situation?

Experiencing a fire can be a terrifying ordeal, but knowing what to do can make all the difference. Whether you are at home, work, or in a public place, understanding the steps to take during a fire can help ensure your safety and the safety of others. This guide will walk you through the essential actions to take in a fire situation.

Stay Calm and Assess the Situation

In the event of a fire, your first instinct might be to panic. However, staying calm is crucial. Take a moment to assess the situation. Determine the source of the fire and the extent of its spread. This initial assessment will help you decide the best course of action.

Remember, fires can escalate quickly. If the fire is small and contained, you might be able to extinguish it using a fire extinguisher. However, if the fire is spreading rapidly, your priority should be to evacuate immediately.

Alert Others and Activate Alarms

Once you have assessed the situation, alert others in the vicinity. Shout “Fire!” to ensure everyone is aware of the danger. If you are in a building equipped with a fire alarm system, activate the nearest alarm. This will notify everyone in the building and prompt an organized evacuation.

In workplaces and public buildings, fire alarms are strategically placed to ensure they are easily accessible. Familiarize yourself with their locations in any building you frequent.

Evacuate Immediately

Evacuation is the most critical step in a fire situation. Leave the area as quickly and calmly as possible. Follow the designated evacuation routes and use the nearest exit. If possible, close doors behind you to help contain the fire and slow its spread.

Avoid using elevators during a fire, as they may malfunction or become traps. Instead, use stairwells, which are typically designed to be fire-resistant and provide a safer means of escape.

Assist Those in Need

During an evacuation, be mindful of individuals who may need assistance, such as the elderly, children, or those with physical or mental challenges. Offer help to ensure they can evacuate safely.

In workplaces, there should be a plan in place for assisting individuals with disabilities. Make sure you are familiar with these procedures and know how to implement them in an emergency.

Call Emergency Services

Once you are in a safe location, call emergency services immediately. Provide them with as much information as possible, including the location of the fire, its size, and any potential hazards. In many countries, the emergency number is 911, but be sure to know the specific number for your region.

Promptly calling emergency services ensures that professional firefighters can respond quickly and effectively to control and extinguish the fire.

Do Not Re-enter the Building

Under no circumstances should you re-enter a burning building. Even if you believe someone is still inside or you left valuable items behind, re-entering can be extremely dangerous. Wait for emergency responders to arrive and inform them of any concerns.

Firefighters are trained to handle these situations and have the necessary equipment to safely conduct rescues and recover belongings.

Use Fire Extinguishers Only if Trained

If you have been trained to use a fire extinguisher and the fire is small and manageable, you may attempt to extinguish it. Remember the acronym PASS: Pull the pin, Aim the nozzle, Squeeze the handle, and Sweep from side to side.

However, if you are not confident in your ability to use the extinguisher or if the fire is spreading, evacuate immediately and leave firefighting to the professionals.

Follow Emergency Protocols

In workplaces and public buildings, there are often established emergency protocols. Familiarize yourself with these procedures and follow them during a fire. This may include designated assembly points where everyone should gather after evacuating.

Employers are required to provide training on these protocols, so take advantage of any fire safety training offered to you.

Stay Low to Avoid Smoke Inhalation

Smoke inhalation is a leading cause of injury and death in fires. If you encounter smoke while evacuating, stay low to the ground where the air is clearer. Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth, if possible, to filter out smoke particles.

Crawl if necessary to avoid breathing in toxic fumes, and move quickly towards the nearest exit.

Have a Fire Safety Plan

Preparation is key to handling a fire situation effectively. Develop a fire safety plan for your home and workplace. This plan should include evacuation routes, designated meeting points, and procedures for assisting those in need.

Conduct regular fire drills to practice your plan and ensure everyone knows what to do in an emergency. Review and update your plan periodically to account for any changes in your environment.


Knowing what to do in a fire situation can save lives. Stay calm, alert others, evacuate immediately, and call emergency services. Assist those in need and never re-enter a burning building. By following these steps and having a fire safety plan in place, you can protect yourself and others in the event of a fire.

For more detailed guidance and expert advice on fire safety, contact Salgrom’s experts. Our team is dedicated to helping you ensure the utmost efficiency, environmental friendliness, ease of installation, flexibility, and rapid extinguishing in all fire safety measures.

Sales services

+358 29 7031 1200

sales.hq (at) salgrom.com

Sales services (Southern Finland)

+358 29 7031 1201

sales.hq (at) salgrom.com

Installation services

+358 29 7031 1208

technical.hq (at) salgrom.com

Products and technical support

+358 29 7031 1202

support.hq (at) salgrom.com

Stock and logistics

+358 29 7031 1205

varasto (at) salgrom.fi

Administration and communications

+358 40 175 8510

administration.hq (at) salgrom.com

International affairs

+358 29 7031 1203

export (at) salgrom.com

Contact us!